Trying to calculate the IQ of any singular country notoriously ends in sweeping assumptions and an ultimate calculation of the upper class of that country. In his book ‘IQ and the Wealth of Nations' Dr Richard Lynn endeavoured to draw a link between the level of wealth of a country and the corresponding IQ. While he came to some interesting conclusions from this study, critics responded strongly about the level of assumption that was involved to come to these conclusions. However, across the numerous studies that have been made into this area, it is evident that the estimated level of IQ in China is very high.
With literacy and numeracy levels in schools in the UK continually under scrutiny it is very interesting to see how well other countries are doing in educating their future generations. These high test scores in China are balanced throughout rural and urban areas and they show that children are well aware of the need to do well at school in order to be high-achievers in their careers.
In contrast to this literacy levels in the UK seem to be at a standstill, with some schools reporting their reading levels to be the same as in 2005. What is more, approximately 16% of adults in the UK are functionally illiterate, meaning that they can only understand a basic level of reading and writing. None-the-less, in comparison to other parts of the world UK literacy is high and has risen significantly since before 1900 when literacy levels would have shown a greater split between classes.
The PISA tests (Programme for International Student Assessment) are taken internationally every three years by testing the knowledge of students aged 15 years. In 2009 the tests showed that both Hong Kong and Shanghai were ranked very highly, in comparison to 2000 when Finland and Japan ranked highest. While wealth may be a contributing factor to the IQ levels of any country, philosophical approach has certainly proved to be effective in China.